I wish / If only

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The structures used in "I wish / If only" are directly related to the conditional sentences.

 

Both are used to express our regret or dissatisfaction with a present or past situation. They can also be used to express a desire for change in the future.

 

I wish + Subject + past simple

REMEMBER: regret about the present

 

they can’t come. I wish they could come.

(hecho: frase negativa) (deseo: frase afirmativa)

It’s a pity I feel sick. I wish I didn’t feel sick.

(hecho: frase afirmativa) (deseo: frase negativa)

 

I wish + Subject + past perfect

REMEMBER: regret about the past

 

It’s a pity we left the party early. I wish we hadn’t left the party so early.

(hecho: frase afirmativa) (deseo: frase negativa)

I didn’t take your advice. If only I had taken your advice.

(hecho: frase negativa) (deseo: frase afirmativa)

 

I *wish + Subject* + would + infinitive

REMEMBER: complain

*The subjects must be different

 

You make so much noise! I wish you wouldn’t make so much noise.

(hecho: frase afirmativa) (deseo: frase negativa)

You annoy me because you won’t listen to what I say.

I wish you would listen to what I say.

(hecho: frase negativa) (deseo: frase afirmativa)


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Complete the sentences with a right expression:

a    If only I done my work better.

b    I wish they make less noise next door.

c    I wish I a better person.

d    If only I had more careful with my money.

e    If only you would on time for once!

f     I wish I understand how computers work.

  

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Rephrase these sentences

1. I don't know many people.

I wish

2. I haven't any cigarettes.

I wish

3. I don't know anything about cars.

I wish

4. It's a pity you weren't here to see the show.

         I wish

5. It's a pity we have lost contact with them.

         If only

6. I didn't take your advice.

         If only

7. Why don't you look where you are going?

         I wish

8. Why don't you pay attention to what I am saying?

         If only

9. I can't stand people eating popcorn in the cinema.

         I wish